Most scholars describe the decades after 1790 as a period of relative peace between the occupying Spaniards and the Apaches. The author dispels that notion stating that the Mescalero Apache attacks beginning in 1795 were a sustained widespread and bloody conflict. Commandant General Pedro de Nava led a coordinated attack to contain Apache aggression. Santiago examines the antecedents, tactics, and consequences of the fighting. 6 x 9 size.