Sixteen nations emerged from the violent and cataclysmic wars of independence in Spanish America in the early nineteenth century. Liberators such as Simón Bolivar and José de San Martin unleahed civil wars and revolutions between 1810 and 1824, but failed to govern as rulers. They succumbed, in part, to changes resulting from independence itself-a new political order. Illustrations, maps, chronology and a life-span table of rulers. Albuquerque, NM 2003 University of New Mexico Press 2nd Ed., 187 Pgs., 6 x 9 Trade PB.