Spain, without a doubt, has for several centuries made a huge contribution to Europe’s culture, its music, paintings, buildings, and history. What is not known is that much of this achievement came form a specific group of Spanish exiles. The renowned author paints a picture of a dysfunctional violent country, that since the destruction of the last Muslim Territories in Granada in 1492, has expelled wave after wave of its citizens in a brutal attempt to create religious and social conformity. Spain was thus converted into a cultural wasteland that enriched other cultures. This is a landmark work,Illustrated. New York, NY, 2007 HarperCollins publishers 1st U.S. Ed., 6 x 9, 508 Pgs., HB. Published at $ 34.95.